The first meteorological station in the world is considered to be the Tornedalen district in northern Sweden, where systematic weather observations began in the mid-17th century. The observations were carried out by farmers and included measurements of temperature, wind direction, and precipitation.
It was established in the mid-17th century by Swedish scientist and astronomer, Anders Celsius, who is famous for inventing the Celsius temperature scale.
However, the first official meteorological station was established by the Royal Society in London, England in 1670. The station was located in the garden of the society’s president, and regular measurements of temperature and barometric pressure were taken.
In the following years, many more meteorological stations were established in different parts of the world, and today there are thousands of such stations that collect data on various weather parameters. This data is used to develop weather forecasts, climate models, and other applications.